Selasa, 30 Agustus 2011

Bogor Inscription

Kingdom of Bogor
Royal Tarumanagara

Tarumanagara or Taruma is an empire that once ruled the western part of Java island in the 4th century until the 7th century AD, which is one of the oldest kingdoms in the archipelago known. In the notes, the kingdom is the kingdom of Hindu homage Tarumanagara Wisnu.Daftar contents [hide]

1 History
1.1 Inscription
1.1.1 Estuary Sand Inscription
1.1.2 Inscription Ciaruteun
1.1.3 Inscription Telapak Elephant
1.1.4 Another inscription
1.2 Manuscript Wangsakerta
1.2.1 Kings Tarumanagara according Wangsakerta Manuscript

History
When you view the record of the inscription, there is no explanation of who founded the first kingdom Taruma cal. King of the ruling is Purnawarman. In 417 he ordered the excavation of Gomati River and throughout 6112 Candrabaga spear (about 11 miles). Excavation is completed, the prabu held menyedekahkan salvation with 1000 cows to the Brahmins.

Inscription
Inscription Kebon Kopi,
made about 400 AD (H Kern 1917), found in coffee plantations owned by Jonathan Rig, Ciampea, Bogor
Monument inscription,
found in Kampung Batutumbu, Tugu village, District Tarumajaya, Bekasi Regency, now kept in museums in Jakarta. Inscription is it explained by Rajadirajaguru Candrabaga River excavation and trenching by Purnawarman Gomati River in the 22 days is an idea pemerintahannya.Penggalian river to avoid the natural disasters of flooding that often occurs during the reign Purnawarman, and the drought that occurred in the dry season.

Munjul or Cidanghiang Inscription Inscription, found in streams flowing Cidanghiang River in the village of Lebak, District Munjul, Pandeglang, Banten, contains a compliment to the King Purnawarman.

Inscription Ciaruteun, Ciampea, Bogor
Inscription Cianten Estuary, Ciampea, Bogor
Inscription Jambu, bear, Bogor
Inscription Pasir Awi, Citeureup
The land where the inscription was found a flat pan-shaped low hills and flanked by three stems of the river: Cisadane, Cianten and Ciaruteun. Until the 19th century, the place was still reported as the Sand estuary. Including private land formerly part Ciampea. Now including the District Cibungbulang.

Kampung Muara Ciaruteun and soles of the inscriptions found Elephants, once a "city river port" a bookie is located on the edge of a meeting with Cianten Cisadane. Until the 19th century the river's path is still used to transport the coffee plantation. Now the bamboo is still used by traders to transport their goods to downstream areas.

The inscription on this day and age uses ancient Sundanese script, which was originally an outgrowth of the character type Pallawa Next, referring to Cambodia's character model with some characteristics that are still attached. At this age, these characters have not reached a level modifications typical form as used manuscripts (palm) of the 16th century.

Inscription Sand Estuary
In Bogor, the inscriptions found in the Sand estuary, on the edge of fields, not far from the inscriptions Telapak Elephant Purnawarman heritage. The inscription is now no place of origin. The inscription was written:

This sabdakalanda rakryan interpreter Panga-mbat i kawihaji panyca pasagi Marsa-n-su village of Haj barpulihkan nda

Translation by Bosch:
It's a sign of greeting Rakryan Pengambat Savior in the year (Saka) kawihaji (8) five (5) pasagi (4), the government returned to the king of Sunda begara.

Because the numbers annually patterned "Sangkala" who follow the rules "angkanam vamato gatih" (numbers read from right), then the inscription was made in the year 458 Saka, or 536 AD.

Inscription Ciaruteun
Inscription Ciaruteun Ciaruteun found in the river, a hundred yards from the confluence with the River Cisadane; but in 1981 was appointed and placed in the cupola. This inscription is a relic Purnawarman, beraksara Pallava, speaking Sanskrit. It was a four-line poem, which reads:

vikkrantasyavanipateh shrimatah purnavarmmanah tarumanagararendrasya vishnoriva padadvayam

Translation by Vogel:
The second (trail) feet of such (foot) is Vishnu belonged to the king of the world who brave the famous Purnawarman Tarumanagara ruler.

In addition, there are also pictures a pair of "pandatala" (footprints), which shows signs of power & mdash & function like a "signature" in contemporary times. Attendance Purnawarman inscription in the village showed that the region including the area rule. According to the Library Rajyarajya parwa i Bhumi Nusantara II, sarga 3, page 161, among subordinates in the reign Purnawarman Tarumanagara contained the name "Rajamandala" (King area) Sand Muhara.

Inscription Telapak Elephant
The soles of a pair of pictorial inscriptions Elephant foot who were given a description of the elephant-shaped line of the poem reads:

jayavi s halasya tarumendrsaya hastinah airavatabhasya vibhatidam padadavayam

Translation:
Both trace your foot is brilliant elephant footprints like Airawata
belongs Tarumanagara glorious ruler and ruled.

According to Hindu mythology, Airawata is the name of Indra riding the elephant god of war and penguawa Guntur. According to the Library Parawatwan i Bhumi Jawadwipa parwa I, sarga 1, Purnawarman war elephant named Airawata like Indra riding the elephant's name. Even reported also, the Kingdom flag Tarumanagara berlukiskan lotus flower above the head of an elephant. Similarly Purnawarman carved crown worn a pair of bees.

Carving a flag and a pair of bees is clearly in the inscription Ciaruteun ditatahkan which has provoked debate among experts engrossing history of the meaning and value perlambangannya. Carved elephant head is crowned with lotus by experts suspected as "curly letters" that are still unsolved bacaaanya until now. Similarly about carving a pair of feet in front of anyone suspected as a symbol of the spider, or a combination of solar twin sun-moon (sun and moon). Description libraries from Cirebon on the flag Tarumanagara and carving a pair of "Bhramara" (bee) as a cap on the crown Purnawarman in all "youth" as a source of historical value should be recognized that conformity with the paintings found on the inscription Ciaruteun.

Another inscription
In the area of ​​Bogor, there is still one more other inscriptions are relics of the stone inscriptions Tarumanagara situated atop Bukit Koleangkak, Gintung Sand Village, District Leuwiliang. On this hill flowing (river) Cikasungka. Even this inscription carved with a pair of feet and given a description of poetic form two lines:

shriman data kertajnyo narapatir - asamo well tarumayam temple Shri name purnnavarmma pracurarupucara fedyavikyatavammo tasyedam - padavimbadavyam arnagarotsadane nitya-dksham bhaktanam yangdripanam - bhavati sukhahakaram shalyabhutam ripunam.

Translation by Vogel:

The famous and faithful to his duty is unrivaled king named Sri Purnawarman no ruling Taruma shield and clothes can not be penetrated by the arrows of his enemies; kepunyaannyalah two feet of this trail, which has always managed to destroy the enemy fortress, which has always presented a banquet of honor (to those loyal to him), but it is a thorn in the side of his enemies.

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